Notis: Det följande är en reproduktion av artiklen
"The difference between 'Prophet' and 'Messenger' according to the Quran"
"The Most Gracious, teacher of the
With this promise in mind, one has to remember that the
teaching of God is the BEST teaching, and the knowledge given by God is the most
accurate knowledge. All the teachings or knowledge given by the human beings can
be compared to that given by God and only those teachings which agree with the
teachings of God can be accepted as truth, irrespective of how many scholars
agree or disagree with it. As God promised, those who will not accept the words
of God in the Quran will not have access to understanding the Quran. They have
shields placed around their hearts and deafness in their ears.6:25, 17:46 and
"Who is more wicked than one who is
reminded of the proofs of His Lord, then disregard them, while unaware of his
sin ? Consequently, we place shields on their hearts, to prevent them from
understanding (Quran), and deafness in their ears. Thus, if you invite them to
the guidance, they can NEVER EVER be guided." 18:57
One of the issues that always comes up when discussing the
Quran is the issue of the definition of the Prophet (Nabi) and the definition of
the messenger (Rasoul). As a believer would imagine, NO ONE can define these
better than the One who sent them both, the prophets and the messengers. It is
interesting to note that the definition of the prophet and messenger is very
clear in the Quran. Most of the scholars, and their followers, however, do not
accept the definition given by God and instead accept the definition they gave
themselves or given in the dictionary by older scholars.
Believing in God means to believe Him and accept His
teaching and His word. Choosing the scholars or the dictionary over God reflects
a disbelief in God and His word (Quran). God called this kind of practice,
"They have set up their religious
leaders and scholars as lords; instead of God....." 9:31
God's Definition of
In 3:81 God described exactly the function of the Prophet
(Nabi) and the function of the Messenger (Rasoul). Both definitions come in the
middle of a very important verse that is dealing with the Messenger of the
Covenant. For the sincere believer both definitions are clear and well described
by the Teacher of the Quran, the Most Gracious.
"God took a covenant from the PROPHETS,
saying, "I will give you the SCRIPTURE AND WISDOM. Afterwards, a MESSENGER will
come to CONFIRM all existing scriptures. You shall believe in him and
support him." He said, "Do you agree with this, and pledge to fulfill this
covenant?" They said, "We agree." He said, "You have thus borne witness, and I
bear witness along with you." 3:81
Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall translated 3:81 as follows:
"When Allah made (His) covenant with the
PROPHETS, (He said): Behold that which I have GIVEN you of the SCRIPTURE AND
KNOWLEDGE. And afterward there will come unto you a MESSENGER, CONFIRMING that
which ye possess. Ye shall believe in him and ye shall help him. He said:
Do ye agree, and will ye take up My burden (which I lay upon you)in this
(matter)? They answered: We agree. He said: Then bear witness. I will be a
witness with you."
Verse 3:81, among many other verses, provides the
definitions of "Nabi" (Prophet) and "Rasoul" (Messenger). Thus, "Nabi" is a
messenger of God who delivers a new scripture, while "Rasoul" is a messenger
commissioned by God to confirm existing scripture; he does not bring a new
scripture. According to the Quran, every "Nabi" is a "Rasoul," but not every
"Rasoul" is a "Nabi." It is not logical that God will give a scripture to a
prophet, then ask him to keep it exclusively for himself, as stated by some
Muslim "scholars" (2:42, 146, 159).
The Quranic definition of Prophet, and how all the prophets
were given Scripture to deliver, is also confirmed in the following verse:
"The people used to be one community
when God sent THE PROPHETS as bearers of good news, as well as warners. HE SENT
DOWN WITH THEM THE SCRIPTURE, bearing the truth, to judge among the people in
their disputes" 2:213
Those who are not sufficiently familiar with the Quran tend
to think that Aaron was a "Nabi" as stated in 19:53, who did not receive a
scripture. This claim can only be made by those who do not believe the Quran,
since God ascertains in 2:213 that all the prophets were sent with the
Scripture. Moreover, the Quran clearly states that the Torah was given
specifically "to both Moses and Aaron" (21:48, 37:117).
In other terms ALL THE PROPHETS are MESSENGERS, but NOT ALL
the MESSENGERS are PROPHETS.
MORE PROOFS from the
Whenever God mentions prophethood in the Quran, He mentions
scripture and sometimes wisdom. The association of prophethood and
scripture cannot be missed except by those blocked by God from seeing the truth.
The following are some examples:
"Never would a human being whom GOD
blessed with the scripture and prophethood say to the people, "Idolize me beside
GOD." Instead, (he would say), "Devote yourselves absolutely to your Lord
alone," according to the scripture you preach and the teachings you
"Those were the ones to whom we have
given the scripture, wisdom, and prophethood. If these people disbelieve, we
will substitute others in their place, and the new people will not be
"We granted him Isaac and Jacob, we
assigned to his descendants prophethood and the scriptures, we endowed him with
his due recompense in this life, and in the Hereafter he will surely be with the
"We have given the Children of Israel
the scripture, wisdom, and prophethood, and provided them with good provisions;
we bestowed upon them more blessings than any other people."
"We sent Noah and Abraham, and we
granted their descendants prophethood and the scripture. Some of them were
guided, while many were wicked." 57:26
MESSENGER PROPHET and not,
The first example for messenger prophet comes from 7:157,
and 7:158 where God described the Prophet Muhammed as, "the messenger the
prophet" and not as "the prophet the messenger," not a coincidence, [God does
not have coincidences]. The reason is that not every messenger is a prophet and
therefore the word PROPHET is used to further define and clarify the description
of that messenger.
"follow the messenger, the prophet
(gentile prophet) (Muhammed), whom they find written in their Torah
and Gospel ... " 7:157
"..........therefore you shall believe
in God and His messenger, the prophet (gentile prophet), who believes in God and
His words. Follow him, that you may be guided." 7:158
MOSES, THE MESSENGER
In 19:51, Moses was described by God as a messenger prophet
(Rasoulan Nabyya), and NOT as a prophet messenger (Nabyyan Rasoula).
ISMAIL, THE MESSENGER
In 19:54, Ismail is described with the same words, 'Rasoulan
The reason is that, NOT every Rasoul (Messenger) is a Nabi
(Prophet), BUT every Prophet (Nabi) is a Messenger (Rasoul), so God defined the
word Rasoul by adding to it Nabyya. God does not make mistakes and He does not
choose His words haphazard, it is meant to be in this order.
OTHER EXAMPLES are found in the Quran to clarify
"Am I more than a human messenger
(Basharan Rasoula)" 17:93
Notice, " a human messenger" and NOT "a messenger human
The reason is that not every Bashar (human) is a Rasoul
(messenger) while every Rasoul (messenger) from among us is a Bashar
17:94, has the same expression again, human messenger
(Basharan Rasoula), not (Rasoulan Bashara)
" ... we would have sent to them from
the sky an angel messenger (Malakan Rasoula)" 17:95
Notice, "an angle messenger" and
NOT "a messenger angel (Rasoulan Malaka). The reason is that not every
angel is a messenger but every messenger FROM God's soldiers is an angel.
In 19:41, God described Abraham as "a Siddiqan Nabyya (Saint
Prophet)" and NOT as a Nabyyan Siddiqa, (Prophet Saint). The reason is
that not every Siddiq (Saint) is a prophet, while every prophet is a
If God would say, Abraham was a Nabbyan Siddiqua (prophet
saint), this would indicate that not every prophet is a saint while every saint
is a prophet.
In 19:56, God described the prophet Idris the same way, as a
Siddiquan Nabyya (Saint prophet).
NO WHERE in the whole Quran does God use these terms
different. God never described a prophet as a prophet messenger ( Nabbyan
Rasoula), or prophet saint (Nabyyan Siddiqua).
'MESSENGER NOR A PROPHET'
Perhaps one of the strongest indications in the Quran that
the words prophet and messenger do not have the same meaning, is found in the
"We did not send before you any MESSENGER NOR A
PROPHET, without having the devil interfere in his wishes. GOD then nullifies
what the devil has done. GOD perfects His revelations. GOD is Omniscient, Most
If the words prophet and messenger had the same meaning God
would not be saying "MESSENGER NOR A
PROPHET" ...... would He? Had the two words had
exactly the same meaning, then mentioning one of them would have been
The Quran is clear that EVERY PROPHET (NABI) IS A MESSENGER
(RASOUL) BUT NOT EVERY MESSENGER IS A PROPHET.
Now that we have the definition of Prophet (Nabi) and
Messenger (Rasoul) by God Almighty Himself, the Teacher of the Quran, NO
SCHOLAR's opinion can change that fact. We, however are FREE to side with God or
side with the scholars. Generations before you did just that and were described
by God in the Quran in 9:31:
"They have set up their religious
leaders and scholars as lords, instead of God ..."
kind of idol-worship is leading only to one place, and it is not Heaven"